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After days of focus on Russia’s war on Ukraine, other concerns emerged at the United Nations

Some are long-simmering with global reach that have recently slipped from public attention. Israel’s prime minister called for the establishment of a Palestinian state in a speech on September 22 that highlighted that conflict.

Some are long-simmering with global reach that have recently slipped from public attention. Israel’s prime minister called for the establishment of a Palestinian state in a speech on September 22 that highlighted that conflict.

Three days later, as the war in Ukraine engulfed world leaders at the United Nations, other conflicts and concerns are beginning to emerge.

Some are long-simmering with global reach that have recently slipped from public attention. Israel’s prime minister called for the establishment of a Palestinian state in a speech on September 22 that highlighted that conflict. The President of Palestine delivers a speech on September 23.

UN chief warns world leaders: World in ‘great danger’

Others are regional conflicts that have spilled over. Armenia’s prime minister has warned that “the risk of renewed aggression by Azerbaijan is very high” after the biggest outbreak of hostilities between the two rivals in nearly two years. The former Soviet countries are locked in a conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, which is part of Azerbaijan but has been under the control of ethnic Armenian forces backed by Armenia since a separatist war ended there in 1994.

Meanwhile, the leaders of Iraq and Pakistan are taking the stage on Friday. Both countries are staples of the geopolitical world order but have received less global attention in recent years.

The annual gathering of leaders at the UN General Assembly provides an opportunity for each country to express its concerns and express its hopes. This year’s meeting has so far focused heavily on Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the ensuing war, as countries lamented how the conflict has upended the geopolitical order, raised the specter of repeated nuclear disasters and exposed food and energy crises.

Russia and Ukraine clashed at a Security Council meeting on Thursday — an extraordinary if brief confrontation that saw the warring nations’ top diplomats exchange barbs and accusations in the same room, though not directly at each other.

At the meeting, the United States called on other countries to stop making nuclear threats to Russia and to end its “horrific” war. Moscow has repeated its frequent claims that Kyiv has long persecuted Russian-speakers in Ukraine’s east – one of the explanations Vladimir Putin’s government has offered for the attack.

The Security Council meeting came a day after Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky spoke to assembled leaders via video, insisting his forces would win the war and demanding stronger UN action. The General Assembly gave Mr. Zelensky a pass to leave his wartime country so he could attend from afar — a decision opposed by Russia.

Meanwhile, in the Assembly Hall, Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid gave a speech focused on the Palestinians.

The speech before the November 1 election appeared to be part of an effort by Mr Lapid – both to voters and world leaders – to portray himself as a statesman and a moderate alternative to his main rival, hard-line former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

“A deal with the Palestinians, on the basis of two states for two peoples, is the right thing for Israel’s security, Israel’s economy and the future of our children,” Mr Lapid said.

But he was short on details, and there is virtually no chance that Mr. Lapid, who has long supported a two-state solution, will be able to push forward with his vision. Israel’s parliament is dominated by parties opposed to Palestinian independence, and opinion polls predict similar results after the upcoming elections.

Palestinians want an independent state in the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip – territories occupied by Israel in 1967, a position that enjoys widespread international support.

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