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Jaishankar attends G4 Foreign Ministers’ meeting; Members are concerned about the slow pace of UNSC reform

Union External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar on Thursday met his German, Brazilian and Japanese counterparts for a meeting among foreign ministers of the Group of Four (G4) countries.

German Foreign Minister Annalena Bierbock, her Brazilian counterpart Carlos Alberto Franco Franca and Japanese Foreign Minister Yoshimasa Hayashi attended the meeting with Jaishankar.

They met on the sidelines of the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly to discuss issues related to the reform of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).

The joint statement released by the four ministers also called for the expansion of the UN Security Council to ensure inclusiveness and effectiveness.

“The G4 ministers reiterated that the expansion of the Security Council in both permanent and non-permanent categories of membership is essential to make the organization more representative, legitimate and effective,” the ministers said in a joint statement.

They also said that developing countries should also have a say and that those countries needed an increased role and presence.

The Minister expressed concern and highlighted the lack of meaningful progress in the Intergovernmental Dialogue (IGN) on Security Council (SC) reform.

They said they were determined to begin text-based discussions at IGN without further delay. They said the UNSC was unable to effectively deal with new challenges.

They also released a joint statement in which they noted that UNSC reforms are urgently needed due to ongoing conflicts and increasingly complex and interconnected global challenges.

The Foreign Ministers noted that reforms should be urgently implemented so that the UNSC can better reflect contemporary geopolitical realities and appear more effective in addressing global challenges.

“The G4 ministers assessed that today’s conflicts around the world as well as increasingly complex and interconnected global challenges brought to the fore the urgency of reforming the United Nations and updating its key decision-making bodies,” the statement said.

“They agreed that the inability of the Security Council to effectively address these challenges clearly demonstrates the urgent need to reform the UN Security Council to better reflect contemporary geopolitical realities and to improve its functioning and the legitimacy and implementation of its decisions,” they added.

The ministers also said the IGN was ‘constrained by a lack of openness and transparency’. They said there had been a ‘concerted effort to stall this process’.

They also advocated for the Common African Position (CAP) and insisted that African countries needed representation in both the permanent and non-permanent sections of a reformed and expanded Security Council membership and called for dialogue with all pro-reform member states.

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